Khamis, 30 Julai 2009
Rabu, 29 Julai 2009
Muay thai terbahagi kepada dua kumpulan utama, iaitu Muay Boran (Muay Thai tradisional) dan Muay Thai moden. Muay thai yang terkenal dan banyak dipelajari sekarang adalah muay thai moden. Muay Boran terbahagi kepada empat aliran iaitu muay thasao, muay lopbury, muay korat. Dan muay chaiya. Setiap seni pertahankan diri mempunyai adat-adat tertentu. Bagi tomoi setiap perlawanan akan diiringi tiupan serunai dan paluan gendang diikuti gerak langkah kedua-dua ‘anak muay’ sebagai pembuka tirai. Upacara ini dipanggil langkah sembah sebelum memulakan perlawanan sebagai perkenalan kepada penonton .
Tomoi is the Malaysian name for a South-East Asian martial art known in Thailand as Muay Thai, in Cambodia as Pradal Serey, in Laos as Muay Lao and as a similar art from Myanmarknown as lethwei. Tomoi refers to siku lutut, which in Malay translates as "elbows and knees". The word tomoi derives from dhoi muay or dhee muay which is a Thai word for pugilism and fist fighting in general. It was the original term of reference for the old bare-fisted form of Muay Thai now known as Muay Boran (ancient boxing).
It's not clear exactly where the various Indo-Chinese forms of kickboxing originated but they are known to share a common ancestry having been based on Chinese techniques with some influence from Indian martial arts.Tomoi was brought into peninsular Malaysia by the Thais and Khmers who share close cultural, historic, ethnic and linguistic links with the Malays. The ancient Funan empire, based in modern-day Cambodia and Vietnam once encompassed what are now Thailand, Kedah, Perlis and Pahang. The kingdom of Lembah Bujang traded extensively with the Khmers which eventually led to Perlis and parts of Kedah being ruled by Angkor in the 1400s. However, it was the ethnic Thais, who have long existed side by side with the Malays, that were mostly responsible for tomoi's practice in Malaysia. After the fall of Srivijaya, virtually all of Malaysia's northern states came under Thai sovereignty until the 15th century when Melaka was founded following a Siamese attack. Trengganu had already been paying tribute to Siam during this time and they coninued trading with each other even after the state became a vassal of Melaka. Both Kedah and Trengganu were either controlled or influenced by Siam from the 1800s until power was passed to British colonists in the early 20th century.
Excerpt From Wikipidea.org